Theme Wartime and Military
Films of war-time in the archive begin with images of the First World War on the home front. The archive holds footage of women taking up heavy farm work as part of the war effort in Surrey in 1914. The archive also holds newsreel footage of Sussex regiments on the move and demonstrating their skills at the start of the First World War. Film of the Royal Sussex Regiment across several decades is held in the archive and its history takes us through two World Wars and post-war postings to locations such as India, Korea and Belfast, as well as film of training, events and parades.
Film of the Second World War includes family films, civil defence training films, work on the home front, and war-time events. Preparations prior to the war can be witnessed in film calling for greater production of arms from industry and film of aircraft inspections and testing. During the war, many families continued to record their lives, despite the war-time restrictions on availability and use of cine film. These films illustrate how the every-day lives of people in Surrey, Sussex and Kent were affected by war-time changes - the introduction of ration books and black-out blinds; family members taking up roles in the armed forces and in auxiliary services; building and taking refuge in air raid shelters; and witnessing the effects of bombing raids first hand. The strengthening of community life and community activities is also visible through films of town fund raising and other community activities.
The role of the Home Guard, land girls and other auxiliary services is also strongly represented in the archive. The Home Guard in the Southern Counties represented the front line of ground defence for the UK and their training reflected some of the ingenuity required to defend the land with limited resources. Home Guard training films illustrate many of the tactics used by Civil Defence volunteers to arm and protect the region. Local schools also had to practice their drill for air raids and film again is used effectively as an instructional tool and a reference. The work of hospitals and medical services is covered in a number of films in the archive, including pioneering plastic surgery at East Grinstead hospital.
At the end of the war, VE day celebrations, victory parades and memorial services mark some of the collective responses of the region's communities to the end of conflict. Beyond this, signs of post-war reconstruction can also be witnessed through film in the archive such as the development of Crawley New Town. Some of the latest additions to the archive begin to explore the personal reminiscences of those reviewing their war-time experiences at a time when those memories are fading and the numbers of those who witnessed war-time first-hand are declining fast.
Films in this theme:
Showing 46 to 60 of 208 results.
[Tank Demonstration; Camp Scenes; Parade]
This collection of short black and white films show the Queen's Royal (West) Surrey Regiment watching an armoured car/tank gun demonstration by a fleet of vehicles in open countryside(?). The Queen's Royal (West) Surrey Regiment military band parade in a field, playing instruments whilst the bandmaster conducts them.
[Early Morning Army Camp Scenes]
This collection of short black and white films depicts military life with the Queen's Royal (West) Surrey Regiment on a campsite in a rural location (?). The group are seen playing games and generally messing about during their normal morning ablutions.
[Camp Scenes; Loading Goods]
This collection of short black and white films depicts life with the Queen's Royal (West) Surrey Regiment on a campsite in a rural location (?). The soldiers are unloading chests, furniture and supplies from a truck, whilst the horse artillery move supplies around (?).
[Royal Naval Review; Empire Air Day]
This black and white and Dufaycolor edited film shows the Royal Naval Review July 16th 1935 in Spithead near Portsmouth to mark the Silver Jubilee anniversary of HM The King, George V. The second film shows an R.A.F event (possibly Empire Air Day, or another event in 1936 or 1937 ?).
|Date||7 - 20 June 1936; 19 June - 3 July 1937; 23 July - 6 August 1938; 6 - 26 August 1939||ID||6131|
This film documents the Newman family's various holidays to the seaside, including trips to Margate in 1937 and Westgate in 1938.
[Aeroplanes at Shoreham]
This film contains footage of Shoreham Air Show in the late 1930s. Various propellor driven aircraft stand stationary on the airfield as well as taking off to perform in the air display. Later shots show spectators on the ground walking amongst the aircraft. Continued on TID:8598 with scenes of the air display.
[Empire Air Day]
This edited film features the May 1936 RAF Tangmere Empire Air Display. Several Hawker Fury Mk I planes are seen taking off and landing, followed by an Avro autogiro flying over the airfield.
[Military Sporting Events and Activities]
This set of black and white films features various sporting events attended by Nazi officers. Horse racing and show jumping events are seen, followed by a race at the Nurburgring and a group boarding a train decorated with flags and a Kraft Durch Freude (Strength Through Joy) banner. The final film is of a group of Hitler Youth flight cadets at their barracks.
[Athletics; Socialising; Prize-giving; Dam]
A set of films made in 1937 and 1939. The first part depicts various sports, an in-doors party, and the awarding of prizes by Nazi officials. The second part features a doubles tennis match and a visit to a dam.
Fire in Their Eyes
|Date||[ca. 1937]; 1968; [ca. 1978]||ID||3106|
Archive footage of the Haywards Heath Fire Brigade just prior to the Second World War is followed by images of vintage fire engines and of fire service demonstrations at Expo Sussex '68; an Open Day at Haywards Heath Fire Station in the 1970s; local fires; and the International Fire Training Centre in Gloucestershire.
[Pre-war and Wartime Scenes]
|Date||[ca. 1937 - 1941]||ID||3447|
A family film made just before and during the early part of the Second World War depicting everyday life. A variety of locations and family members are featured, including several servicemen in uniform.
[Pilot Jack Martin]
|Date||[1937 - 1945?]||ID||3448|
An amateur/family film made just before and during the Second World War. The film features sea planes and military bands at Buckingham Palace as well as various scenes of war-time family life and the Sadler's family business.
|Date||[1937 - 1946?]||ID||1141|
A compilation of films beginning with the Coronation procession of King George VI, followed by wartime parades in Sevenoaks.
Made prior to the outbreak of the Second World War, this film illustrates how factories were reutilized for the production of materials required by the military.
[Spithead Naval Review; Air Display at Hendon]
|Date||20 May - 26 June 1937||ID||1422|
Battleships and cruisers at the Coronation Fleet Review of 1937, during which the HMS Victoria & Albert III is seen, open the film, shot by H A Voss, an amateur film-maker. Biplane and Bristol Blenheim fighter planes take part in the air display at Hendon, staged and filmed in the same year.
Showing 46 to 60 of 208 results.