Theme Wartime and Military
Films of war-time in the archive begin with images of the First World War on the home front. The archive holds footage of women taking up heavy farm work as part of the war effort in Surrey in 1914. The archive also holds newsreel footage of Sussex regiments on the move and demonstrating their skills at the start of the First World War. Film of the Royal Sussex Regiment across several decades is held in the archive and its history takes us through two World Wars and post-war postings to locations such as India, Korea and Belfast, as well as film of training, events and parades.
Film of the Second World War includes family films, civil defence training films, work on the home front, and war-time events. Preparations prior to the war can be witnessed in film calling for greater production of arms from industry and film of aircraft inspections and testing. During the war, many families continued to record their lives, despite the war-time restrictions on availability and use of cine film. These films illustrate how the every-day lives of people in Surrey, Sussex and Kent were affected by war-time changes - the introduction of ration books and black-out blinds; family members taking up roles in the armed forces and in auxiliary services; building and taking refuge in air raid shelters; and witnessing the effects of bombing raids first hand. The strengthening of community life and community activities is also visible through films of town fund raising and other community activities.
The role of the Home Guard, land girls and other auxiliary services is also strongly represented in the archive. The Home Guard in the Southern Counties represented the front line of ground defence for the UK and their training reflected some of the ingenuity required to defend the land with limited resources. Home Guard training films illustrate many of the tactics used by Civil Defence volunteers to arm and protect the region. Local schools also had to practice their drill for air raids and film again is used effectively as an instructional tool and a reference. The work of hospitals and medical services is covered in a number of films in the archive, including pioneering plastic surgery at East Grinstead hospital.
At the end of the war, VE day celebrations, victory parades and memorial services mark some of the collective responses of the region's communities to the end of conflict. Beyond this, signs of post-war reconstruction can also be witnessed through film in the archive such as the development of Crawley New Town. Some of the latest additions to the archive begin to explore the personal reminiscences of those reviewing their war-time experiences at a time when those memories are fading and the numbers of those who witnessed war-time first-hand are declining fast.
Films in this theme:
Showing 31 to 45 of 202 results.
[Games and Frolics at Army Camp; RAF Wedding]
This film is divided into three sections - the first [not included in online clip] is of a group of Queens Royal (West) Surrey soldiers on a training camp messing about 'car sledding'; the second is of an RAF officer's wedding day showing the groom and guests in full RAF dress uniform and busby, and the third, is of a mixed group of adults in their late twenties early thirties, on holiday (?) at a lodge next to a river.
[Youth Parade; NSDAP meeting]; [Youth parade; Gymnastic Display; Performance]
This black and white film features scenes of a parade by the Hitler Youth; scenes of a NSDAP meeting and several members of the Hitler Youth undertaking physical exercises and street performances.
[Shooting Practice; Youth Address; Races]
This black and white film shows scenes of officers and boys or cadets at a shooting range. This is followed by a group of young men participating in various athletics events (possibly at a school or barracks ?) with Nazi banners on the buildings in the background.
[Crowd; Cologne; Wreaths; SS Top; Football Match; Parade]
This film opens showing a crowd gathered outside Essen Hauptbahnhof station watching military vehicles pass by. Various shots of churches and buildings follow. The next section shows a gathering of officers and guests greeting Hermann Göring, followed by film of Adolf Hitler passing Cologne cathedral in his motorcade. [First section not included in online clip]
[Girl's Gymnastics Display]
This black and white film opens shows a group of girls from the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM) undertaking outdoor physical training, gymnastic exercises and athletics events, supervised by nuns. Groups of girls in day wear gather to watch the sports events. Women dressed in traditional dresses perform dances and sing together, then sit down for a meal before attending a prize giving ceremony.
[Girls Long Jump; Running Races; Leader Address]
This black and white film shows young women from the Bund Deutscher Mädel (the League of German Girls) and young men from the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) taking part in various sports.
[2nd Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment, Karachi]
|Date||1932 - 1935||ID||3084|
Captain Cyril R. Peckitt created this visual record of life in Karachi whilst he was stationed there with the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Sussex Regiment in the early 1930s. The film includes images of the journeys to and from Pakistan, of Regimental activities, and of the Karachi itself. It provides a fascinating record of Regimental life in Asia during the latter stage of the Empire.
[Military Action; Cooking; Games]
This black and white film shows the Queen's Royal (West) Surrey Regiment at a rural training camp (?). Officers perform training exercises and parades, and are also seen cleaning and cooking at the camp.
“Lest We Forget” Disabled Soldiers Day Out At Margate
A profesionally-made film which records a trip to Margate by disabled veterans of the First World War. The men are guests-of-honour at a lunch hosted by the town's Mayor and Mayoress at the St George's Hotel, Cliftonville. This was the inaugral outing hosted by Margate's Lest We Forget Committee.
|Date||1934 - 1959||ID||4692|
This film compilation spans the three decades and shows changes taking place in the town before, during and after the Second World War. The film features the construction of a new lido in 1934, wartime scenes in the town, winter sledging and skiing in 1948, the Coronation parade in 1953, a circus with Elephants walking the streets and scenes of building work, demolition and traffic in the town.
[Air Show; Military Parade]
Scenes at the Hendon Royal Air Force Display June 1934 show various aircraft in flight, filmed from the crowd. At a separate event and location a marching band followed by marching army cadets (?) are seen parading on a sports field. The spectators are seated for tea outdoors. A boy in military uniform is seen with his father and mother (?).
[Parades in Japan]
A compilation of amateur home movie material filmed in Japan. The film-maker records family, who appear to include Japanese toddlers and military and civilian parades through urban streets.
[Funeral of King George V; King's Mead School Sports and Recreation; Royal Navy Fleet]
A compilation of amateur material which includes footage of King George V's funeral cortege, pupils of King's Mead School playing a variety of sports and participating in a range of recreational activities, and a flotilla of Royal Navy ships on exercise.
[War Time at Mile Oak School; Boys Camp; Family Scenes]
|Date||[ca. 1935]; 1937; 1942||ID||239|
A compilation of amateur material shot by the Headmaster of Mile Oak Approved Boys School. The film includes footage showing the impact of the Second World War on the school - pupils are filmed building air-raid shelters, as is the aftermath of a bombing raid.
This film contains footage of Shoreham Air Show in the late 1930s, with various aircraft and parachute teams flying over the airfield performing routines for the air display. Continued from TID: 8957.
Showing 31 to 45 of 202 results.