Detail

Title ID 7047Collection ID985
Title[Christmas Trip to Camps]
Date[1959?]
CollectionOckenden Venture
Genre/TypeAmateurNon-fiction
ThemeTravel
KeywordsChildren Christmas Buildings Ethnic Groups Performing Arts Fancy dress
Location
LocalHannover [?]
NationalGermany Europe
Credits
ProductionNot known
Commissioning bodyOckenden Venture
ParticipantsPeter Woodeye
FormatColour Silent
Duration2 min. 25 sec.
Copyright & AccessCopyright restrictions apply, contact Screen Archive South East for details

Summary

Scenes at a refugee camp in Germany, where a visitor dressed as Father Christmas hands out gifts to the children and their parents in World Refugee Year (1959-1960).

Description

Children at a refugee camp on the outskirts of Hannover [?] run after a Peter Woodard, a Jersey man dressed as Father Christmas, with white beard and eyebrows fixed to his face. From the roof of his VW camper van he brings down flowers for a woman and a large brown parcel for a girl in her early teens. Crowds gather around the camper as he jokes with the children.

Contextual information

Ockenden Venture was founded in Woking, Surrey in 1951 by teachers Joyce Pearce OBE, Ruth Hicks and Margaret Dixon in aid of displaced Eastern European children after WW2. It aimed “to provide for their maintenance, clothing, education, recreation, health and general welfare.” Further houses in Haselmere and Donnigton Hall near Derby were soon acquired. Eight new houses were opened after World Refugee Year (1959-1960) increased charitable donations. Ockenden opened twenty five centres in response to the crisis in Vietnam, accepting the ‘boat people’ after the government decided to accept Vietnamese refugees fleeing after the invasion of China in 1979. Joyce Pearce died in 1985 after over thirty years of work. Ockenden International focuses its efforts on overseas projects.

Initiated by the UK and approved by the General Assembly, World Refugee Year (1959-1960) aimed to address the lives of refugees that lay outside the High Commissioners mandate, restricted by legal criteria. Each country could help whatever group of refugees it desired, including those in unofficial DP camps and shanty towns. Around seventy countries announced participation in W.R.Y., aiming to “clear the camps.” Since 1959, the UN has designated years to humanitarian causes in order to encourage international action.

The surrender of Germany in 194 left millions homeless after their deportation and forced labour, and the destruction of their homes. Unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin after their homes and communities had been destroyed and displaced, refugees remained in camps or lived as “freelivers” for nearly two decades years after the war had ended. Publicity surrounding WRY was needed to raise funds, heighten awareness of international efforts and resettle refugees still living in camps, official and unofficial, for nearly 15 years. The campaign films present an international response to the refugee crisis, and signaled a move away from temporary and local solutions to international effort.

Peter Woodard's trip from Jersey to the refugee camps of northern Germany in World Refugee Year are also the subject of Christmas in the Refugee Camps; The Universal Uncle [History of Writing?] and Universal Uncle no. 6 [Refugee Camps] [History of Writing?].

Related titles

Related resources

Collections

Ockenden International, Surrey History Centre (SHC Ref 7155)

Records include minutes, annual reports, correspondence, papers, personal files, photographs, documenting lives of staff and refugees at Woking, Haslemere and overseas in Asia, the Middle East and northern Africa.

Websites

Surrey History Centre

The website for the Surrey History Centre
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre

Exploring Surrey’s Past

An online history of Ockenden international, previously Ockenden Venture, in text and photographs from Surrey History Centre archives. A grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) enabled the history of Ockenden International to be preserved. The charity’s archive held at Surrey History Centre has been catalogued and memories have been recorded.
http://www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk/themes/subjects/refugees/ockenden_international_from_vision_to_venture/