Theme case study Home Front
The impact of the Second World War was captured by families, volunteers and organisations throughout the South East of England. Families filmed themselves getting to grips with new protocols and precautions in the home such as black-out blinds, ration books, air-raid shelters and gas masks. Family members were also filmed proudly wearing their new uniforms for the armed forces and voluntary services. War-time weddings took on a more frugal and brisk appearance, whilst children played on the beach amidst coastal anti-invasion defences. The Home Guard filmed their exercises and made training films in the towns and villages of Surrey, Sussex and Kent. Civil Defence groups, support services and schools practiced their drills, raised funds, and took part in parades including groups in the WVS, ARP, Fire Services and the Red Cross. These films also show some aspects of life appearing to carry on as normal, with many of these films continuing the style of pre-war family films, focusing on domestic and leisure activities. Whilst institutional and local organisational films reflect or even mimic the style of government information and propaganda films. Both formats appearing to promote, at least on the surface, an image of unity, order and good humour.
Films in this theme:
Showing 1 to 15 of 30 results.
[Pre-war and Wartime Scenes]
|Date||[ca. 1937 - 1941]||ID||3447|
A family film made just before and during the early part of the Second World War depicting everyday life. A variety of locations and family members are featured, including several servicemen in uniform.
|Date||[1937 - 1946?]||ID||1141|
A compilation of films beginning with the Coronation procession of King George VI, followed by wartime parades in Sevenoaks.
This edited colour pre-Second World War film shows London's preparation for war during the Munich Crisis in 1938. Shelters, trenches and ready-stations are being constructed and installed in Central London parks. This is contrasted with scenes of everyday London life.
[Home Front and Home Guard]
|Date||[ca. 1938 - 1943]||ID||10948|
The film shows the Home Guard in Woking, initially training with wooden rifles, then performing drills, practicing on a rifle range and parading for the General's visit.
The Last Year of Peace
|Date||1939 - 1940||ID||1104|
A compilation by a local amateur cameraman, portraying the passing from peace to wartime. Shot just prior to and during the first year of the Second World War, the film provides a snapshot of everyday life as it continued against the backdrop of the impending war, and signs of the war’s effects around the village.
War Time 1939-1940
|Date||1939 - 1940||ID||1705|
Domestic scenes of everyday life for the Gowlland family in Croydon during the first few months of the Second World War; signs of the war begin to emerge in everyday life.
This film documents family life at their home in Ottershaw in the months running up to the Second World War. The film features family life and group outings to Arundel Castle, two trips to Farnborough model railway and participation at a school sports day at Wallop School. The film ends with preparations for war - building an air raid shelter in October 1939.
Incendiary Bomb Demonstration
This short colour training film shows a demonstration on how to deal with an incendiary bomb. Set alight in a tin roofed shed with hay bales and wooden furniture, the bomb quickly takes hold but is brought under control.
Incendiary Bomb Practice
This short colour film shows a wartime training session for civilians, demonstrating rescue techniques, and dealing with incendiary devices.
This film shows the work of the Herne Bay A.R.P. service during the early years of the Second World War. ARP Members train for bomb and gas-attacks; practising extinguishing incendiary devices and simulating the treatment of casualties. The film also shows a large-scale dress rehearsal for a gas attack and a multi-service parade.
West Sussex Home Guard
A colour training film, made for the West Sussex Home Guard during the Second World War, shows the wrong and the right way to capture any Nazi spies who may be encountered on home territory.
[Procedures in the Event of an Enemy Attack]
A film depicting the defence procedures of the West Sussex Home Guard. The narrative is centred around the fictional town of Onebridge and uses commentary to introduce the staged scenes.
West Sussex Home Guard
Part of a series of training films made by the West Sussex Home Guard demonstrating "the right and wrong ways" of dealing with situations which may arise in their line of duty. Many of the scenes are repeated in slow motion. Intertitles introduce each scene.
|Date||1940 - 1945||ID||1637|
“A film commentary of Leatherhead District and the War”. Made over several years, this newsreel provides an overview of life and events in a Surrey town throughout the Second World War, focusing on fundraising and Civil Defence duties. Comprehensive intertitles introduce and explain each item.
[Air Raid Practice - Knoll School Hove]
Made by the Borough of Hove with wardens and officers of Hove’s Air Raid Precautions (ARP) ‘M’ Group, this film illustrates various school activities and classes and demonstrates the air raid drills undertaken in a Hove school. Intertitles precede each scene.
Showing 1 to 15 of 30 results.