Detail

Title ID 866Collection ID263
Title[Garden Fete at Broughton House]
Date30 June 1926
Genre/TypeProfessionalNon-fiction
ThemeRural Life Fashion
KeywordsAircraft Children Communities Dance Entertainment Fetes Games Leisure Time Activities Motor Vehicles Music Outings Clothing Fashion Accessories Fancy dress Hats National Dress Shoes Skirts Suits
Location
LocalDunton Green Otford Sevenoaks
RegionalKent
NationalEngland United Kingdom
Credits
ProductionNot known
ParticipantsMrs Wreford
Format35mm Mixed Colour and Black & White Silent
Duration29 min. 50 sec.
Copyright & AccessCopyright restrictions apply, contact Screen Archive South East for details

Summary

A traditional English garden fete takes place in the grounds of Broughton House near Sevenoaks. This professional film with intertitles focuses much of its attention on the local people who attended the event.

Description

A group of VIPs pose for the camera before descending the steps outside Broughton House which is adorned with large Naval ensigns - they are followed by two men carrying a moving image camera. Posed shots of multigenerational fete-goers dressed in their Sunday bests standing outside the silk stockings stall - Mrs Wreford proclaims the fete open. The pipers of H.M. Scots Guards march through the grounds followed by excited children. The vacant chairs of the outdoor Dutch auction become occupied by enthusiastic bidders - an elderly woman is handed her new purchase. Children in fancy dress stand next to a 1926 Morris Cowley car which is to be raffled. Several scenes of the increasingly busy fete follow - the crowds and stalls are filmed from a moving vehicle. The crowds respond to the camera's approach by removing themselves from its path whilst looking directly at it in fascination - one mother holds her baby up for inspection and curious young boys in school uniforms (Dunton Primary School), including one wearing dark glasses, attempt to remain in shot. Stalls at the fete are bedecked in Union Jacks flags and they sell food, sports & games and clothes - there is also an open-air cafe area. Close shot of a person wearing a Pierrot costume. More children in fancy dress advertise the fete with a sandwich board in posed shots. The fun of the day continues with games for all of the family, including one which involves throwing balls into the open mouth of a cardboard cut-out of Felix the cat. The crowds are thronging - the camera films posed individuals, such as a pair of elderly male twins and the anonymous crowds watching a display of dancing by members of the Band of the Scots Guards. On a hot summer's day women shade themselves with parasols and by sheltering under trees. Edited shots show a cartoonist drawing caricatures of popular figures including Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan. Further shots of the camera-conscious crowds. Shaky travelling shots moving along Sevenoaks High Street, past the fountain and the shops of 'Gower and White' and 'C. Wright Costumes'. Shaky shots of an Aero 504K biplane taking off from a grass airstrip are followed by a shot of a merry-go-round. A van follows the vehicle housing the camera along a country road. Slow motion captures young men attempting to eat buns hanging from string without using their hands and a motorcycle stunt display entertaining bystanders.

Stills

A Still from [Garden Fete at Broughton House] (1926)A Still from [Garden Fete at Broughton House] (1926)

Contextual information

Garden fetes have had a long association with the local communities of England - the one featured in [Garden Fete at Broughton House] (1926) was held in the grounds of Broughton House, the home of the Wreford family since its construction in 1830 by silk merchant John Wreford. The Wreford family held a prominent standing in the local community - their philanthropic activities included building the church, school and many of the cottages in the nearby village of Dunton Green. One can surmise therefore that they opened up their estate to a variety of community events over the years such as the fete in 1926. The fete was held to raise money for the building of Donnington Hall on Barretts Road in Dunton Green (a village hall which opened in 1927). The fete was a significant local event - 3,000 people visited it between 2pm and midnight, children were out of school on a Wednesday afternoon and attractions such as the Scottish marching band and the raffled Morris car were expensive crowd-pleasers. Fetes feature in a number of other films held at Screen Archive South East including a hospital day fete in Bognor Regis: Out and About During the Year (1936) and a summer fete in Kent in St Mary the Virgin, Reculver - The 103 Rd Incumbent (1957?)

The film was shown at the Granada Cinema in Sevenoaks. It is doubtful that it would have been exhibited beyond the immediate area - with the emphasis being placed on filming the locals themselves and with a quick drive through Sevenoaks, this professionally produced film was probably intended purely for local exhibition: an audience would have been created by a desire to see oneself, friends and family on the cinema screen. It is interesting to note the presence of the director in several shots - he is shown attempting to control the crowds with the aid of a megaphone and a policeman when the Scottish marching band approaches the camera.

Screen Archive South East's internal database notes that the beginning and end titles of the film are missing - the last section of the film (starting with the drive through Sevenoaks) seems to have been tacked onto the end of the film and does not show the Broughton House fete - it may therefore have been filmed on different day(s). The Screen Archive South East film Look, Love and Preserve (1964) offers a good visual record of Sevenoaks in the 1960s.

Fashion Notes: The film shows examples of ‘Sunday Best’ clothes including dresses, suits and hats. It contains footage of fancy dress such as clowns, gypsies and Arabian style costumes. Scottish Highland dress is also seen. The film contains wide shots of the busy fete depicting middle and working class clothing.

Fashion keywords: bandeaux, boots, caps, cloches, clutch bags, dresses, fancy dress, flat caps, handkerchiefs, hats, jackets kilts, lounge suits, national dress, neckties, shoes, socks, stockings, stockings, suits, tartan, trilbies, trilbies, walking sticks

For further information see Screen Search Fashion online resource.

Related titles

Related resources

Collections

Kent History and Library Centre

Manuscript and printed records for the County of Kent including books, pamphlets, maps, illustrations and microfilm, reflecting Kent's local history.
http://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure-and-community/history-and-heritage/kent-history-and-library-centre

Sevenoaks Kaleidoscope

"Sevenoaks Museum was first opened in 1920, and re-opened in a purpose-built space within the new Sevenoaks library in 1986. The displays use museum objects and many photographs to tell the story of Sevenoaks from the surrounding area and to illustrate life in the town over the last 200 years...The local studies room in the same building provides the more serious researcher with extensive archives relating to the local area." The museum is now part of Sevenoaks Kaleidoscope.
hhttp://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure-and-community/history-and-heritage/museums/sevenoaks-museum

The Sevenoaks Society - Archive and Photographic Collection

The Sevenoaks Society is concerned with the conservation and improvement of the town and the local surroundings - its archive details developments which have taken place in the town. The photographic collection includes stills of the 1926 fete at Broughton House. The Sevenoaks Society has also produced a compilation containing this film and a 1964 film of Sevenoaks entitled Look, Love and Preserve (1964) (this film is also available to view at Screen Archive South East, and is catalogued on this database).
http://sevenoakssociety.org.uk/

Further information on file at Screen Archive South East

Broughton House

Estate Agents particulars for the sale of Broughton House in the 1980s and 2005 are held on file at Screen Archive South East.

Newspapers

The Sevenoaks Chronicle* (1881-)

This weekly local newspaper is held on microfilm at Sevenoaks Library (now part of Sevenoaks Kaleidscope).

Websites

Screen Search Fashion

This online resource provides a thematic guide for students interested in fashion and dress. The site offers pathways into aspects of fashion and dress as depicted in archive film from the inter-war period in the Screen Archive South East collections.
http://screenarchive.brighton.ac.uk/portfolio/screen-search-fashion/