Detail

Title ID 3473Collection ID669
TitleLittle Dorrit
Date1920
Genre/TypeProfessionalFilm/Video companyFictionDrama
ThemeEarly film in the South East
KeywordsPerforming Arts Film Making
Location
LocalShoreham-by-Sea
RegionalWest Sussex
NationalEngland United Kingdom
Credits
ProductionProgress Film Company Baby Cine Presents Pathéscope HCR
DirectorSidney Morgan
ProducerFrank E. Spring
DistributorReleased by Butchers; Pathéscope HCR
WriterCharles Dickens; Sidney Morgan (Screenplay)
CastArthur Lennard (William Dorrit); Compton Coutts (Panks); J. Denton-Thompson (John Chivers); Joan Morgan (Little Dorrit); Lady Maud Beerbohm Tree (Mrs Clennam); Langhorn Burton (Arthur Clennam)
Other creditsNathan's of London (Costumes); Butcher's Film Service (Distributor)
FormatBlack & White Silent
Duration00:20:30:00
Copyright & AccessCopyright restrictions apply, contact Screen Archive South East for details

Summary

This twenty minute silent film represents the surviving footage of the first film adaptation of Charles Dickens' novel 'Little Dorrit', a story of love, money and imprisonment in the Victorian era.

Description

A shot of a bust of Charles Dickens precedes a series of interior studio-shot scenarios which narrate the changing fortunes of two families - the Dorrit's and the Clennam's - and the resulting love match between 'Little' Amy Dorrit and Arthur Clennam. The static shots are introduced by lengthy intertitles and are interspersed with intertitles expressing characters' dialogue.

Stills

A still from 'Little Dorrit' (1920) - Little Dorrit and Arthur Clennam kiss

Contextual information

Little Dorrit (1920) was made by the Progress Film Company at the Shoreham Beach studio complex. This original film was made on 35mm for general cinema release. Seven years later the film was compressed for the 9.5mm Pathéscope Home Cinema market. Unfortunately the original 35mm film no longer exists, with only a handful of the 9.5mm versions having survived. A few years ago Screen Archive South East had the good fortune of borrowing one of these 9.5mm films, making negative and positive prints from it. These prints are now held in the Archive's climatically controlled vaults.

The 1920 production of Little Dorrit exemplifies the film style which dominated the latter-half of the silent cinema era. The standardisation of cinema in the 1910s led to the dominance of particular film types. Fiction films became based on a Hollywood model which emphasized classical narrative structure, genre, the star-system and studio-produced products. Consequently, literary adaptations were favoured by fiction film-makers during the teens and 1920s - their typically melodramatic narratives provided all the elements desired by classical narrative cinema. The novels of Charles Dickens, including Little Dorrit, proved to be highly popular with the cinema industries on both sides of the Atlantic at this time.

The Progress Film Company, which made Little Dorrit (1920), was a British production company based at the Shoreham Beach studio complex at Shoreham-by-Sea between 1919 and 1922. The complex - the only one of it's type in West Sussex - comprised studios, darkroom facilities, a preview theatre and accommodation for cast and crew. In many ways therefore it mirrored the Hollywood studios, albeit on a smaller scale. The professional facilities at Shoreham enabled the Progress Film Company to produce seventeen features for the British market between 1919 and 1922. The Company's product was typified by ambitious film adaptations of classical novels such as The Mayor of Casterbridge (1921). Many of their films achieved great critical acclaim. Little Dorrit (1920) originally ran for approximately 68 minutes, comprising elaborate sets and costumes, studio and location filming and a cast of notable British actors. Amongst the actors were Lady Tree, the widow of famed actor Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree and the silent screen star Joan Morgan. Joan Morgan, who was only 14 years old when Little Dorrit (1920) was made, had had her film career mapped out by her father Sidney Morgan. Sidney Morgan was the director of production at Progress and was heavily involved in all aspects of Little Dorrit (1920). Joan Morgan's portrayal of Amy Dorrit received substantial praise and led to the offer of a five year Hollywood contract - an offer which was rejected by her father. Her star faded following the closure of the Progress Film Company in 1923 and the introduction of sound in 1929 - she went on to take up successful careers in writing (under the pseudonym Joan Wentworth Wood) and property conversion. Joan Morgan was the last surviving British screen star who had worked prior to the First World War; she died in 2004.

Screen Archive South East houses a large number of other 9.5mm (fiction and non-fiction) films produced for the Home Cinema market. These include The Flight of King Charles II (1922), Home Cinema Release Shorts (1920s & 1930s) and VIIIth Olympiad, Chamonix (1924)

Related titles

Related resources

Books

Dickens, Charles. Little Dorrit. Rev. ed. London: Penguin, 2003.

The book from which Little Dorrit (1920) was adapted.

Eyles, Allen, Frank Gray, and Alan Readman. Cinema West Sussex: The First Hundred Years. Chichester: Phillimore & Co Ltd, 1996

Description. This book has a section on film-making at Shoreham during the 1920s, including information on the film Little Dorrit (1920). Copies are held at West Sussex Record Office, Chichester and Screen Archive South East.

Naremore, James (Ed). Film Adaptation. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2000

This book contains writings which consider the economic, cultural and political issues of adaptation - it has case studies on adaptations of Dickens' work. A copy of the book is available at the BFI Reuben Library.

Pointer, Michael. Charles Dickens on the Screen. The Film, Television and Video Adaptations. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1996

This book provides information on the various moving image adaptations of Charles Dickens' novels and stories. A copy of the book is available at the BFI Reuben Library.

Smith, Grahame. Dickens and the Dream of Cinema. Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press, 2003

A copy of this book is available at the BFI Reuben Library.

Collections

British Film Institute

"The British Film Institute (BFI) exists to promote greater understanding and appreciation of, and access to, film and moving image culture in the UK." The BFI's archives includes a collection belonging to Joan Morgan which was donated to the organization following her death in 2004.
http://www.bfi.org.uk/

National Portrait Gallery

"The National Portrait Gallery was founded in 1856 to collect the likenesses of famous British men and women". The collection, which is searchable online, includes seven photographic portraits of Joan Morgan.
http://www.npg.org.uk/live/index.asp

Films

Bioscope Days* (1976)

This BBC programme features an interview with Joan Morgan in which she recalls Little Dorrit (1920).

Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood* (1996)

This six-part television documentary series about the rise and fall of the European silent cinema features an interview with Joan Morgan.

I Used to be in Pictures* (2000)

This documentary traces the early years of Hollywood - it features an interview with Joan Morgan.

Journals

The Dickensian

This journal, which is published three times a year, includes articles on all aspects of Dickens' life and book, theatre and film reviews - previous editions have featured reviews by Graham Petrie of silent film adaptations.
http://www.dickensfellowship.org/dickensian

Oral Histories

Back Row (3 July 2004)

This edition of weekly BBC Radio 4 film programme looks at British silent cinema - it features an interview with Joan Morgan wherein she recalls her time as the heroine of British silent cinema.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/arts/backrow/backrow_20040703.shtml