Detail

Title ID 1648Collection ID202
TitleStart a Land Club
Date1942
Genre/TypeProfessionalNon-fiction
ThemeWartime and Military
KeywordsCarnivals Farming Labour Landscape Second World War (1939-1945) Women Workers
Location
LocalReigate
RegionalSurrey
NationalEngland United Kingdom
Credits
ProductionMinistry of Information
CameraNorman Edwell; Charles Francis
DirectorAndrew Buchanan
ProducerFilms of Great Britain Limited; Edgar Anstey (Associate Producer)
Commissioning bodyBritish Crown; Ministry of Information
EditorJames Anderson
ParticipantsMr Baker (Farmer); Miss M J Carter; Miss Johnson; Miss Williams
Other creditsH G Halsted (Recorder)
Format16mm Black & White Sound
Duration7 min. 30 sec.
Copyright & AccessCopyright restrictions apply, contact Screen Archive South East for details

Summary

Using the Surrey Land Club as an example, this Ministry of Information film demonstrates the farmwork carried out by club volunteers and encourages people to start their own clubs.

Description

The film opens with shots of men and women labouring in a field while the farmer’s narration explains the concept behind the Land Clubs. Focusing on individuals in the club the farmer explains that the volunteers have full-time jobs during the week but offer their time and labour at weekends on the farm. Further scenes of the ‘gang’ shows them planting potatoes, hoeing, driving tractors and sowing seeds - workers include Miss Johnson and Miss Williams. There is also a close-up of a Surrey Land Club armband worn by one of the volunteers. A dramatisation of a meeting where the distribution of labour is organised follows. The organising committee, including Miss M J Carter, are shown sitting around a table, the farmer telephones to request help on his farm at the weekend. The committee members delegate volunteers to each farm requesting help. Gangs of volunteers are then shown reporting for duty on the farm. Further scenes show the volunteers at work in the field. The farmer, Mr Baker, then makes a direct plea to the viewer, urging people to contact their County War Agricultural Committee for advice on how to start a Land Club.

Stills

Start a Land Club (1942)Start a Land Club (1942)

Contextual information

The film’s director andrew Buchanan, was involved in the production of many films for the Ministry Of Information (MOI) and Central Office of Information (COI). This is a fairly typical example of the sort of films made during the war by the government to encourage people to sign up for voluntary work or to play their part in some way on the home front.
The Land Clubs differed slightly from the Land Army in that the Clubs provided farmers with ‘unskilled’ labour primarily at weekends; the volunteers often being in full-time employment during the week. A ‘gang leader’ would be responsible for organising the distribution of labour, collecting the wages, paying members expenses and forwarding any surplus to the Treasurer. In the case of the Surrey Land Club, profits were donated to the Red Cross Agricultural Fund.

The film’s Associate Producer, Edgar Anstey, made many films for the MOI and COI. He was a protégé of John Grierson, a co-founder of British Transport Films and an Oscar winner.

Director Andrew Buchanan also had a strong interest in the amateur film-making movement; he regularly contributed to Amateur Cine World and was a resident judge for the magazine’s “Ten Best” competition.

The Surrey Land Clubs were founded on 13 June 1940 by Miss M J Carter of Surbiton, who acted as their organiser throughout the War. Miss Carter, who worked for Surrey County Council as Poultry Instructor, based her organisation on the Altrincham and Cheshire Voluntary Land Club, featured in the BBC Radio Programme 'Backs to the Land' , broadcast on Saturday 1 July 1940. The clubs were open to all Surrey residents over 17 years of age and aimed to help local farmers and market gardeners by providing weekend and some evening labour. Two ‘camps’ were run at Shere and Chertsey and ‘gangs’ (consisting of mainly office workers) worked in teams of 6 or 8. Jobs were allotted and organised on a weekly basis by the Executive Committee. Farmers were asked to pay ‘unskilled rates’ for the labour to the Land Club which then covered members’ travel expenses; any annual profits were passed to the Red Cross. In 1942, a separate branch of Land Clubs for southern Surrey was formed.

The film Surrey Women War Workers (ca. 1917) shows members of the Women’s Land Army demonstrating their agricultural skills during the First Word War.
Screen Archive South East also holds further examples of Edgar Anstey’s work. The film Down to Sussex (1965?) was made by Anstey for British Transport Films.

Related titles

Related resources

Collections

Imperial War Museum

In addition to its permanent exhibits, the museum’s collections include Film and Video, Photographs, Sound, Art, Documents and Printed Books. The Film and Video Archive holds many Ministry of Information and government-commissioned films. The collections’ database is searchable online.
http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections-research

Mass-Observation Archive

“The Mass-Observation Archive specialises in material about everyday life in Britain. It contains papers generated by the original Mass-Observation social research organisation (1937 to early 1950s), and newer material collected continuously since 1981.” Documents relating to the Home Front during the Second World War would be of particular relevance to this film, as well as the following: “FILMS 1937-48: This large collection is primarily one of descriptions of individual films shown over the period, observations and interviews on their public reception. Many of these films were Government information 'shorts': Mass-Observation analyses were summarised and presented to the Ministry of Information as File Reports.” A search facility is available online.
http://www.massobs.org.uk/index.htm

Museum of English Rural Life

The Museum of English Rural Life at the University of Reading houses collections which include items relating to the voluntary farm work from both world wars. The Museum’s database is searchable online.
http://www.reading.ac.uk/merl/

Surrey History Centre

The Surrey History Service collects and preserves archives and printed material relating to all aspects of the history of Surrey. Many items belonging to Miss M J Carter, leader of the Surrey Land Club, were deposited at the Surrey Record Office upon her death in 1982. The items include photographs, press cuttings, stationery samples such as a gang leader’s log sheet and work notification card, and a file of papers which includes minutes of meetings, posters advertising the clubs and transcripts or drafts of radio broadcasts. The Centre also has a selection of films from the South East Film and Video Archive, and its collections catalogue is searchable online.
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre

Other Resources

Surrey on Film 1914-1953: A community in Peace and War

This film appears on the Surrey on Film DVD, available to view at the Surrey History Centre and some local history groups. Copies of the DVD are also available to purchase at the Surrey History Centre.
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre/surrey-history-centre-help-for-researchers/archives-and-history-research-guides/film-at-surrey-history-centre/surrey-on-film-1914-1953-a-community-in-peace-and-war