Detail

Title ID 1516Collection ID480
TitleWalton’s Parade for Victory
Date1941
CollectionClifford Spain
Genre/TypeProfessionalNon-fiction
ThemeCommemoration Wartime and Military Case Study The Home Front
KeywordsArmed Forces Civil Defence Parades Second World War (1939-1945) Wars
Location
LocalWalton-on-Thames Weybridge
RegionalSurrey
NationalEngland United Kingdom
Credits
ProductionClifford Spain (?)
ProducerLou Morris
Commissioning bodyRegal Cinema, Walton-on-Thames
ParticipantsSir Malcolm Fraser; Commander Godfrey; Captain Tuckwell
Format35mm Black & White Sound
Duration4 min.
Copyright & AccessCopyright restrictions apply, contact Screen Archive South East for details

Summary

Commissioned by the Regal Cinema in Walton-on-Thames, the film records the Parade for Victory marking the opening of the Walton and Weybridge War Weapons Week.

Description

Scenes of the Parade for Victory through the streets featuring tanks, arms and weapons, and the wreckage of a German plane. Crowds line the streets, some hold placards and banners. Members of the army, Civil Defence Services, ambulances and rescue parties, boy scouts and the Red Cross take part in the parade. Children in the crowd hold banners encouraging people to invest their money in War Loans, while posters along the roadside promote National War Bonds. Sir Malcolm Fraser, Lord Lieutenant for Surrey, takes the salute, supported by Commander Godfrey, Chairman of the Council and Captain Tuckwell MC of the Home Guard. A military band plays as the parade passes the dais positioned outside the Regal Cinema. The film ends by focusing on the importance of contributing to war savings, particularly for the sake of the children.

Stills

A still from 'Walton's Parade for Victory' (1941)A still from 'Walton's Parade for Victory' (1941)

Contextual information

During the war, government campaigns were held to encourage the public to help fund the manufacture of military weapons badly needed for the war effort. To help generate these funds, the government established National Savings Campaigns to encourage investment in 'war bonds' and similar loan schemes. To back up these campaigns and encourage local support, various events were held regularly across the country including 'Wings for Victory', 'Salute the Soldier' and 'War Weapons Weeks'. These events would be run locally and include a variety of community activities and fund-raising parades.

The 'Parade for Victory' held at Walton, shown in this film, is part of the local 'War Weapons Week' events which was backed up with leaflet and poster campaigns, some of which can be seen within the film itself.

The film was commissioned by cinema owner Lou Morris. Mr Morris owned several cinemas across the country. His Regal Cinema in Walton-on-Thames can be seen towards the end of this film. The film-maker is assumed to be Clifford Spain, the cinema's manager. Clifford Spain shot and compiled several newsreels of local events throughout the 1920s and 1930s.

Screened for the local cinema audience, the film would have verified the town's commitment to fulfilling its duty to the country while instilling a sense of pride in one's local community. In addition, the film would've benefited the cinema owner and manager by drawing in people wanting to watch themselves on the big screen.

Leatherhead Newsreel (1940 - 1945) also focuses on wartime fundraising events and parades in Surrey.

Screen Archive South East also holds several local newsreels made by The Regal Cinema’s manager, Mr Clifford Spain. The newsreels feature events taking place in the area throughout the 1920s and early 1930s.

Related titles

Related resources

Collections

Elmbridge Museum

Elmbridge Museum holds photographs and scrapbooks belonging to Mr Clifford Spain, manager of the Regal Cinema, Walton-on-Thames. This local museum has a Local Studies facility which includes a photograph archive, local newspapers and a reference book collection. The Museum also holds artefacts from the Second World War.
http://elmbridgemuseum.org.uk/

Imperial War Museum

In addition to its permanent exhibits, the collections of the Imperial War Museum include Film and Video, Photographs, Sound, Art, Documents and Printed Books. The collections’ database is searchable online.
http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/search

Mass-Observation Archive

“The Mass-Observation Archive specialises in material about everyday life in Britain. It contains papers generated by the original Mass-Observation social research organisation (1937 to early 1950s), and newer material collected continuously since 1981.” The archive holds a large amount of material relating people’s experiences during wartime, including several subjects particularly relevant to this film, such as “Exhibitions and fund-raising events related to war weapons 1940-45. Assorted reports on fund-raising events including War Weapons Weeks”; “Newsreel Reports 1940-45. Newsreel report: Gaumont British & "War Weapons Week Film", 23.5.41”; “Government Poster Survey 1939. Contains examples of War Loan posters.” A search facility is available online.
http://www.sussex.ac.uk/library/massobs/introduction.html

Surrey History Centre

The Surrey History Service collects and preserves archives and printed material relating to all aspects of the history of Surrey. The Centre also has a selection of films from the Screen Archive South East, and its collections catalogue is searchable online.
hhttp://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre

Films

British Universities Film and Video Council website

References to other films of War Weapons Weeks made by newsreel companies can be found in the The British Universities Film and Video Council's News On Screen database. The database is searchable online.
http://bufvc.ac.uk/newsonscreen

Further Information on File at Screen Archive South East

Wartime childhood memories recounted by a resident of Leatherhead. Relevant to Walton’s Parade for Victory (1941) are the author’s recollections of War Savings Weeks and parades.

Other Resources

Surrey on Film 1914-1953 - A community in peace and war

An extract from this film appears on the Surrey on Film DVD, available to view at the Surrey History Centre and some local history groups. Copies of the DVD are also available to purchase at the Surrey History Centre.
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre/surrey-history-centre-help-for-researchers/archives-and-history-research-guides/film-at-surrey-history-centre/surrey-on-film-1914-1953-a-community-in-peace-and-war