Detail

Title ID 1291Collection ID198
Title[Christmas Shopping]; Surrey Women War Workers; The Path of Duty was the Path of Glory
Date1922; 1917; 1914
CollectionGodalming films
Genre/TypeProfessionalNon-fiction
ThemeWartime and Military Early film in the South East
KeywordsCeremonies Christmas Commemorative Events Farming First World War (1914-1918) Gardening Labour Landscape Memorials Motor Vehicles Shops Wars Women Workers
Location
LocalShackleford Godalming
RegionalSurrey
NationalEngland United Kingdom
Credits
ProductionMr W.G. Fudger
CameraMr W.G. Fudger ([~Christmas Shopping~] and ~Surrey Women War Workers~)
ProducerGaumont British News (~The Path of Duty was the Path of Glory~)
ParticipantsMr Joe Field, newsagent, appears outside his shop in [~Christmas Shopping~]. Other shops include Feltham’s, Burgess’, Parfrements, and Pitchers. Members of the official party in ~The Path of Duty was the Path of Glory~ include the High Sheriff (Mr J St Loe Strachey), Mayor Bridger, aldermen, the memorial committee and garden designer, Gertrude Jekyll. Members of Phillips’ family were also present.
Format16mm Black & White Silent
Duration10 min. 30 sec.
Copyright & AccessCopyright restrictions apply, contact Screen Archive South East for details

Summary

A compilation of three separate films made in or near Godalming, Surrey during the early twentieth century.

Description

The first film in the compilation shows Godalming High Street busy with Christmas shoppers. A group of men walk out of a pub and pose for the camera, smoking and laughing. There are several close-ups of individual shops such as the butcher’s, the newsagents and a confectioners. Two army officers pose outside the newsagent’s and the proprietor is also seen outside. The road is busy with traffic and bicycles; a double-decker bus stops at a bus stop and passengers board the exterior staircase at the rear.

“Surrey Women War Workers. Demonstration at Cross Farm, Shackleford”

This film shows an inter-farm competition which took place on 18 April 1917 where women from the area demonstrated their ploughing ability. The women, are dressed in large coats and hats, and wear numbered arm bands. The women pose with the shire horses in the farmyard. A group of milk maids from Cross Farm's dairy also pose for the camera. A large crowd has gathered to watch the event. Several scenes show the women taking part in a ploughing match in the fields, working the horse-drawn ploughs. In another field, a hoeing competition takes place where a long row of women use hoes to turn over the soil. Back in the farmyard, a crowd watches as some of the women lead horses and carts through. A woman reverses a cart into a pole barn. There is a final shot of a girl sitting on a horse bearing a Red Cross emblem.

“The Path of Duty was the Path of Glory” The final film is a newsreel item showing the opening of the memorial to John (Jack) Phillips, the ‘Titanic’ hero, in Godalming, on 15 April 1914. The crowds gather in the cloister gardens to watch the High Sheriff and Mayor unveil the memorial. Attendees include Phillips’ family, members of the memorial committee and the designer of the gardens, Gertrude Jekyll. There is a close-up of the plaque dedicated to Phillips, RMS Titanic’s Chief Radio Telegraphist, who lost his life when the ship sank in 1912.

Stills

A Still from Surrey Women War Workers

Contextual information

The first two of these three films are thought to have been made by Mr W G Fudger who ran the Picture Palace on Station Road in Godalming.

Newspaper cuttings from December 1953 describe how the films were rediscovered and shown at the Odeon Theatre, Ockford Road, to an audience including the Mayor and Corporation.

It should be noted that although the title of the first film refers to Christmas shopping, there is no apparent evidence of it being Christmas in the street scenes shown.

Of particular interest in the final film is the presence of Gertrude Jekyll.

Godalming 400 (1974) shows events celebrating the town’s 400 year existence. Wartime farmworkers (Second World War) are also the subject of Start a Land Club (1942).

Related titles

Related resources

Collections

Godalming Museum

Godalming Museum’s collections focus on the history of the town. In addition, “Godalming Museum is rich in material on Jekyll and Lutyens, creating a permanent exhibition room, a Jekyll garden and carrying a superb collection of drawings by both the garden designer and architect.” The Museum’s website has a page about Jack Phillips, and also has a useful Links Page providing links to other sites relating to Godalming history.
http://www.godalmingmuseum.org.uk/

Imperial War Museum

In addition to its permanent exhibits, the collections of the Imperial War Museum include Film and Video, Photographs, Sound, Art, Documents and Printed Books. The collections’ database is searchable online.
http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections-research

Mass-Observation Archive

The Mass-Observation Archive holds material relating to the experiences of women workers in wartime, although from the Second World War, not the First as featured in this film. “Much of the material in this collection, an investigation of wartime employment for women, results from the ATS Survey of 1941. There are detailed, inside reports on all aspects of WAAF life. A collection of letters from women munitions workers is included however, together with material concerning employment in civil areas, and information on women's organisations. This material is related to women's attitudes to war work and omits references to other areas of their lives, for which relevant Topic Collections should be consulted.” A search facility is available online.
http://www.massobs.org.uk/index.htm

Museum of English Rural Life

The Museum of English Rural Life at the University of Reading houses collections which include items relating to the Women’s Land Army from both world wars. The Museum’s database is searchable online.
http://www.reading.ac.uk/merl/

Surrey History Centre

The Surrey History Service collects and preserves archives and printed material relating to all aspects of the history of Surrey - amongst these are the records of 'The Music and Dancing, and Racecourses, and Explosives Licensing Committee' (1889-1930) of Surrey County Council which detail the approval, transfer or rejection of Cinematograph Licences throughout the county. The Centre also has a special collection on Gertrude Jekyll, as well as a selection of films from the South East Film and Video Archive, and its collections catalogue is searchable online.
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre

The Women’s Library @ LSE

The Women’s Library at the London School of Economics, houses the most extensive collection of women’s history in the UK. Catalogues are searchable online.
http://www.thewomenslibrary.ac.uk/index.html

Further Information on File at Screen Archive South East

Newspaper cuttings from Dec 1953 relating to [Christmas Shopping], report on the film being rediscovered, screened and donated to Godalming Museum. The cuttings also names the shops that appear and some of the people.

Journal Articles

Sagar, Peter. "Godalming Cinema History." Mercia Bioscope. 55 (May 1995): 1-6.

A brief history of cinemas in Godalming. A copy of this article is available at the Surrey History Centre.
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre

Other Resources

Surrey on Film 1914-1953 - A community in peace and war

An extract from this film appears on the Surrey on Film DVD, available to view at the Surrey History Centre and some local history groups. Copies of the DVD are also available to purchase at the Surrey History Centre.
http://new.surreycc.gov.uk/heritage-culture-and-recreation/archives-and-history/surrey-history-centre/surrey-history-centre-help-for-researchers/archives-and-history-research-guides/film-at-surrey-history-centre/surrey-on-film-1914-1953-a-community-in-peace-and-war

Websites

Shackleford Village

The Shackleford village website includes a short history of Cross Farm (featured in Surrey Women War Workers).
http://shackleford.org/present/houses-2/